Friday, December 7, 2007

Mediation Paper

With the sixth anniversary of the war in Iraq coming up in the next few months, the occupation by US troops is still an extremely controversial topic. It has more and more controversial the longer the US troops occupy the country of Iraq. The two major sides of the argument are that the troops should leave Iraq now because they were sent there under false pretenses versus the troops staying in the country until a democratic government is established and can support itself. When composing an argument for a topic such as this, it is difficult to mediate to find the best solution. Some of the topics are able to be mediated such as: war costs many lives and millions of dollars per day, a main reason for US occupation is to protect the oil supply and that Iraq’s ideological problems need to be corrected. Due to the complexity of the Iraq war, a compromise could not be reached because of the adverse consequences that would happen if US troops were to pull out immediately or stay in Iraq to see that Iraq establishes a government.
A topic that was mediated was the fact that the war in Iraq cost many lives and millions of dollars a day. There was a disagreement between where and how the money is being spent but mediation was reached because a war cannot continue without sufficient funds. The issue about the amount of lives being lost was also mediated because one side of the argument argued that the lives being lost were to a lost cause and the other side argued that the lives lost is the price paid to get the job done. An agreement was reached that wars cannot won without casualties. The current death toll for Iraqi citizens due to the fighting is around 80,000 (Iraq Body Count). The current death toll for American troops is 3886 (Iraq coalition casualties). The national war debt as of December 2007 is a little over nine trillion dollars and that number continues to raise daily. There are over one hundred thousand soldiers in Iraq at this moment and they all need to be supplied with logistics which includes food, munitions, and other daily supplies that war demands.
Another topic that was mediated was the fact that a reason that the US is occupying Iraq is to protect the country’s oil supply. The two sides of the argument were that the US only wanted to protect the oil for their own use versus protecting the oil for Iraq to make money for rebuilding. The mediation was that both of the reasons were true because the US needs the oil and the Iraqi people will benefit from the oil money once democracy is secured. "Safeguarding the Iraqi people's oil -- and that's truly how we look at it -- is extremely important to us," said Maj. Chris Hughes of the Marines (U.S. Seeking to Protect Iraqi Oil Fields). "There is an incredible natural resource available to the Iraqi people to help them reestablish their society, and we will work to make sure it's available, and that a significant environmental disaster is not inflicted," he said (U.S. Seeking to Protect Iraqi Oil Fields). Back in the seventies, during Saddam Hussein’s reign over the country, the western owned Iraq Petrolium Companywas nationalized which gave tremendous controlling power over Iraq’s economy. The people of Iraq did not experience the full benefit of their country’s vast natural resource. The US is trying to establish and protect the oil to aid the Iraqi people in rebuilding their country. If this is not the source of the country’s rebuilding funds, then the reestablishment will most likely collapse due to lack of funds. Protecting the oil in Iraq will benefit not only the people of Iraq, but the US and the other countries that depend on the oil supply. The US imports oil from several different countries daily and Iraq is one of the top six contributors with about 600,000 barrels a day.
The final topic that was mediated was the fact that Iraq has many ideological problems and they need fixing before the country can be deemed stable. Issues like the Shiite and Sunni conflict in Iraq’s Islamic region, the presence of anti-American extremist groups before the invasion and the possibility of terrorist training facilities in sections of Iraq. In order to have a stable country and government, issues like these need to be resolved or terminated. Due to the intense fighting in the capitol, many Iraqis were left without every day necessities like electricity and other supplies (Leech). Situations like this are necessary to reach the ultimate goal, but it is causing new problems by creating a negative environment for the people. The Sunni and Shiite conflict has been ongoing for many years and is responsible for some of the previous government’s corruption. Iraq’s previous ruler, Saddam Hussein, was a Sunni and during previous conflicts he repressed any kind of movement from the Shiites in fear of losing his position. During the entire time that Hussein was in power, the Sunni run government gained all the power of the country and left the Shiites and other groups with no say. Democracy will bring equal representation to every group in Iraq. With the war continuing many years after the initial invasion, many Iraqis have come to not support US involvement in their country. Groups like these were present before the invasion spread after the US has occupied the country for longer than expected. The populist Shiite cleric Moktada al-Sadr reappeared after many months of refuge earlier this year to support his anti-American views (International Herald). Sadr is extremely against any occupants in Iraq and wants to unite the people his own way without aid from the west. He wants to bring the Sunni and Shiites together himself and show that they are all brothers accepting other faiths including Christianity. In Sadr’s speech he stated, "I want to say now that the blood of Sunnis is forbidden to everyone, they are our brothers in religion and in nationality, and let our Christian brothers know that Islam is a friend to our minorities and to other faiths, and seeks dialogue with them.”(International Herald) Sadr is trying to accomplish a resolution to make his country more united but does not want the west involved. This creates a problem because this conflict is only one small part of larger ordeal. Many people who do not support the war claim that there was no terrorist link to Iraq on the September 11 attacks. Many camps have been discovered in Iraq since the invasion that recruits people from other Middle Eastern countries to train and then to send back to their own country. These camps and the groups that train there need to be eliminated from the country before order can be obtained.
When the issue of whether or not to continue to occupy Iraq is introduced, the questions, what would result in the US withdrawing completely, and what would result in the US continuing to occupy Iraq until a democratic government is established. When looking at these two questions and possibilities, negative and positive results present themselves for both situations. For the side of the argument that the troops should continue to occupy Iraq until democracy is established believe that there are far more positive outcomes for staying then to pull out immediately. If the troops were to continue to fight in Iraq, democracy would be established, Iraq would become a key ally in the Middle East and the terrorist activity in the country would drop tremendously. If the government would happen to decide to withdraw troops immediately, then there would be a rise in terrorist activity in the area, a new government would be created with a large of being corrupted and a civil war between the Sunni and Shiites is certain. Rapidly withdrawing the troops would allow Iraq to fall back to the way it was before the war started, making the effort in the past six years worthless. The governments and terrorist activity of the area would greatly influence the new Iraq.
In defense to the previous paragraph, the other side of the argument believe that the troops should being withdrawn carry much more positive results than the troops continuing to occupy Iraq. If the US were to pull out today, the national debt would stop falling at such a fast rate, the US population and the rest of the world would be satisfied, and the people of Iraq would be free from the destruction to their country. If the troops decide to continue their occupation, war debt and casualties will continue to rise, the US and world population will continue to not support the war, and the negative effects of war will continue to shadow Iraq. With the national debt being almost nine trillion dollars a war is the worst thing to be caught up in. The quality of living for the Iraqi people is worse or no better than the start of the war. Not only are they in a war zone environment, but have lost several everyday necessities such as water and electricity. Studies have also found that the quality of Iraq’s hospitals is astounding. Raw sewage is found on the floors and many patients leave the hospital with an infection that they did not have when they fist checked in (Leech). Unemployment has skyrocketed due to the occupational forces. The coalition forces have hired foreign workers because they do not trust the Iraqis and they are paying the new workers far more than the average Iraqi citizen (Leech).
In conclusion, the complexity and extremities of the two sided argument about how to fix the issues in Iraq prevents an overall mediation of the topic. The terms about why the troops are in Iraq were mediated but the issue about how to fix them could not be mediated. It is too difficult to say the correct way to go about obtaining a solution in Iraq because there are so many different actions that could result from either pulling out immediately or staying to finish the mission.

Works Cited
Arnove, Anthony. "The Reality of Occupation." Iraq: the logic of withdrawl. 14-30.Birdsall, Nancy, and Arvind And Subramanian. "Saving Iraq From Its Oil." Foreign Affairs. 7 Dec. 2007 . Burns, John F. "Sadr, the anti-American Shiite cleric, appears in Iraq ." International Herald Tribune. 7 Dec. 2007 .
Duffield, John S. "OIL AND THE IRAQ WAR:." The Middle East Review of International Affairs. 7 Dec. 2007 .

Howe, Sam, and John Hendren. U.S. Seeking to Protect Iraqi Oil Fields. 7 Dec. 2007

Iraq Body Count. 7 Dec. 2007 .

Iraq coalition casualties. 7 Dec. 2007 .
Leech, Gary. "Iraq: seeking teh riches of Babylon." Crude Interventions .

Tuesday, December 4, 2007

Brief on Iraq War

Brief on Iraq War
Thesis: Due to the complexity of the Iraq war, a compromise could not be reached because of the adverse consequences that would happen if US troops were to pull out immediately or stay in Iraq to see that Iraq establishes a government.
Reason: There are many negative outcomes that can occur if US troops were to pull out of Iraq immediately.
Evidence: Iraq could become grounds for breeding terrorists.
Evidence: Iraq could enter a state of civil war due to the conflict between the Shiites and Sunnis.
Evidence: The people of Iraq could establish their own government and become stable country.
Reason: There are many positive outcomes that can occur if US troops were to pull out of Iraq immediately.
Evidence: US casualties and funds would cease to decrease.
Evidence: The hatred for terrorists groups in Iraq would deter the terrorists from gathering in Iraq.
Evidence: Majority of the world would be satisfied.
Reason: There are many positive outcomes that can occur if US troops were to stay in Iraq and help the Iraqis establish a democratic government.
Evidence: Iraq would become another democratic government that is established in the world.
Evidence: Iraq would become a key ally in the Middle East.
Evidence: A low amount of terrorists would be in Iraq.
Reason: There are many negative outcomes that can occur if US troops were to stay in Iraq and help the Iraqis establish a democratic government.
Evidence: US funds would decrease due to the cost of the war and US casualties will continue.
Evidence: It will not have the world’s support.
Evidence: Tension builds up and weakened relationships with other countries.
Reason: A topic that was mediated was the war costs lives and money.
Evidence: Casualty count in Iraq.
Evidence: Debt built up in Iraq.
Reason: A topic that was mediated was that US is there to protect the oil supply in Iraq.
Evidence: One of the reasons US invaded Iraq.
Evidence: US oil companies refuse to go into Iraq until there is an oil law established.
Reason: An agreement was reached on the fact that Iraq has ideological problems.
Evidence: The Shiite vs. Sunni conflict in the Islamic religion.
Evidence: Extremist groups before US invasion.
Evidence: Possible Al-Qaeda training camps established.

Tuesday, November 20, 2007


I'm not disagreeing with the fact that the war has cost many lives and large amounts of money, but war costs lives and money; it always has and it always will. America has always recovered their war.

I also disagree with the fact that Iraq's government was sufficient before the start of the war.

Thursday, November 15, 2007

Position: The war in Iraq should be supported by every American citizen.

Thesis: While there are still American soldiers fighting in Iraq to stop the spread of terrorism, spread freedom, spread democracy, protect the vulnerable oil supply and fix the ideological struggle, the war in Iraq should be supported by all Americans.

The first paragraph will tell about what would happen to the country of Iraq if US soldiers were to pull out before the Iraqi government and army can support its self. Iraq is leaning its self on the US support and they need any help they can get to help the country running. If the soldiers that are already in Iraq and the ones getting ready to deploy quit and went home then the whole war would be a waste.

If U.S. forces give up the fight in the streets of Baghdad, President Bush says, Americans will face terrorist attacks at home.

President Bush says the security of the civilized world depends on defeating terrorists in Iraq.
The next reason I will discuss is the spread of freedom and democracy to the Iraqi people.
“No matter what your ideals are, our sons and daughters are fighting for our freedom,”

Another reason is to protect and secure Iraq’s oil supply because it supplies the American economy with oil and it is also very important in the re-establishment of Iraq.

"There is an incredible natural resource available to the Iraqi people to help them reestablish their society, and we will work to make sure it's available, and that a significant environmental disaster is not inflicted,"

The last topic I will discuss is fixing the ideological problem in Iraq.

He says it is the decisive ideological struggle of the 21st Century.

"On one side are those who believe in freedom and moderation - the right of all people to speak, worship and live in liberty. On the other side are those driven by tyranny and extremism - the right of a self-appointed few to impose their fanatical views on all the rest,"

Audience: Any person who does not support the war in Iraq and thinks that the government should pull out right now without finishing the job.

Sunday, November 11, 2007

Support for the War in Iraq

In the widespread debate on the War in Iraq, people have many different reasons why the United States should or should not still be fighting in Iraq. I am arguing for why the War in Iraq is still neccesary and why it should still be supported by the American people and people all around the world. The US troops are fighting to stop the spread of terrorism in the middle east and around the world and they are also spreading democracy to the corrupted ploitical system in Iraq that was once ruled by the dictator Suddam Husein. The oil supply from the middle east is endangered by possible terrorist attacks and needs to be secured for the US economy.